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FRAUD AND INTRUSIONS: Trademark Infringement

Trademark Infringement

In this article, we will explore the impact of trademark infringements, and what you can do to protect your business and brand from this all too common occurrence.

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How to protect yourself against trademark infringement

Trademark infringement is another of the ills that businesses regularly must deal with. From duplicating logos to similar-sounding slogans, there is always a battle ongoing to shore up your business and protect your brand from imitators. In this Ports Group guide, we'll show you how trademark infringement works, and more importantly, how to combat it with our tools.

Trademark infringement explained

At its core, trademark infringement is the deliberate use of another company’s logo, slogan, brand name or another form of identity in breach of established intellectual property rights. Only registered trademark owners can use such logos and names in marketing, for sales purposes and other operations. When another uses your logo or brand without permission, they could be found guilty of trademark infringement.

Trademark infringement may involve less successful companies attempting to pass themselves off as your brand. It may also see entities using your logo to sell cheap imitations, as often happens with Disney toys. It could even be as simple as a restaurant having an irrelevant name because customers might associate it with your brand. For instance, the highly publicised spat between Louis Vuitton (the designer and luxury goods company) and Louis Vuiton Dak (a South Korean chicken restaurant). On occasion, perpetrators may have no interest in developing competing products at all. Instead, their motive may involve lining their pockets through more sinister means, specifically scams. They may intend on committing fraud and often go to extraordinary lengths to do so, including the use of dummy social media accounts, chat services, and websites - all, of course, using your logo, trademark and brand.

Unless resolved quickly, trademark infringement often leads to costly lawsuits and has the potential to damage brands. Heavily financial penalties, and in severe cases, custodial sentences are designed to act as suitable deterrents. When small businesses located offshore are involved in trademark violations, it can be tough to get results. Fortunately, there are tools out there that can help your business fight back, and we’ll cover a few of these shortly.

Causing confusion: The main purpose of trademark infringement

The primary purpose of trademark infringement is to sow confusion in the mind of consumers. They may purchase an item under the assumption that it is the real deal, only to be fooled into buying a second-rate product. In other cases, mimicry isn’t the order of the day. Instead, trademark infringement is more sinister, intended solely to damage the reputation of a rival brand or business.

Of course, with millions of companies operating digitally and across borders, it is inevitable that some will share similar features, especially when it comes to logos and even slogans. However, there is a clear line between coincidence and happenstance in logo likenesses (think the tick symbol in Rexona and Nike, for instance) and outright trademark infringement.

The “tick symbol” in this example is the logo for Nike and Rexona (also known as Sure), but the design is different enough that both remain easily identifiable brands. There is no issue of trademark infringement as both logos are distinct, are well-known and represent entirely different products. In short, there is little cause for confusion amongst consumers. Not all companies are as harmonious with one another, though.

An example of alleged copyright infringement in recent times that is far closer to home concerns Arla and Glada Bonden. Arla moved production of Boxholm cheese to Östersund in 2018 but kept the name of the town where it was initially produced. Since Arla’s departure, Glada Bonden has manufactured its cheese in Boxholm, naming it after the town where it is made. This was always going to cause strife.

Arla believes that Glada Bonden’s cream cheese is a classic example of trademark infringement, claiming that the name, colour, shape and logo are confusing and that the products are too similar. They invoked Swedish trademark infringement laws stating that place names can indeed form a part of a trademark - historical examples include biscuits and liver paté. Naturally, Glada Bonden feels differently, believing that they can develop their cheese and name it accordingly after Boxholm.

Another case that did go all the way to the courts involved Crocs, Inc and Skechers. The 2011 battle saw Crocs allege that Skechers had stolen their patented design with their Nanolite foam shoes. That case resulted in a private settlement, with Skechers agreeing to stop the production of moulded footwear in favour of focusing on its core products.

Aside from alleged trademark infringement, both cases are also fine studies of other types of potential violations. These include:

  • Design Infringement
    When one brand alleges the other has copied the design of one of its products, such as Crocs’ claim against Skechers.
  • Scams and Frauds
    When an organisation or individual attempts to profit by illegally posing as your brand, or falsely mirroring your business, either through social media, a website, or other mediums.
  • Copyright Infringement
    When a company deliberately uses easily recognisable, copyrighted property belonging to another. This is the argument (in terms of logo and naming) put forth by Arla concerning Glada Bonden’s Boxholm cheese.

What trademark infringement means for your business

As discussed, trademark infringement penalties can include lawsuits, fines, and prison sentences. These are the results of litigation, though. Before you get there, there are lots of bumps in the road. These include:

  • Reduced exposure for your brand, as rival brands attract your clientele
  • Bad publicity if the guilty party is engaged in inappropriate or illegal activities
  • A lack of marketing prowess if your company isn’t easily identifiable from the others
  • Financial losses if your sales dip because of an imitator brand

It is for these reasons and more besides that you must react to counter brand infringement. Fortunately, we’re here to help.

How to protect your business from brand infringement

The most effective way of protecting your assets, intellectual property and brand is to secure them via a patent. Registering your trademarks won’t stop others from attempting to steal or hijack them. However, trying to imitate a brand with a registered trademark is a lot riskier for rivals than they might otherwise like and is fraught with danger if they get caught. Therefore, the likelihood of it happening to your brand is reduced with proper protection.

To stand the best chance of combatting trademark violations, you need help, and that’s where we come in.

We offer step-by-step assistance against trademark infringement

At Ports Group, we have the tools to help you learn how to avoid trademark infringement. Moreover, we can help you combat this with both legal and technical options available. We can assist you in registering and monitoring your brand, securing your IP, and will stand by your side if you fall victim to trademark infringement.

Our team of experts are raring to go and provide this step-by-step service for our clients.

Trademark registration

We can help you register your trademark with the patent and registration office in Sweden (PRV), but also offshore (through WIPO) via a simple to use e-service. We can also help you lay the groundwork to ensure that your trademark isn’t similar to existing brands. We utilise many channels, including the Trademark Clearing House Database (TMCH), to ensure that your business is unique, identifiable, and protected. Once registered, your trademark will last ten years before it needs to be renewed.

Monitoring your brand

Monitoring your rights is key. Registration alone permits you to act on trademark infringements, but it won’t help you hunt for breaches. Companies may fall into this trap if they believe that trademark registration alone is a suitable enough measure to take. This is a mistake. Monitoring is the catalyst that allows you to identify breaches. We can’t stress enough the importance of keeping tabs on your trademark.

Trademark and domain monitoring are two additional services that Ports Group provides. Our monitoring tools keep tabs on legal trademarks and check if anyone is trying to register an identical and confusing brand. Our domain monitoring options detect fraudsters and help in the fight against attempted fraud. We also provide app monitoring, marketplace and social media surveillance tools to further bolster your arsenal in the battle against trademark infringement.

Cease and desist

Of all the elements of trademark infringement out there, finding instances of it quickly enough is one of the trickiest, especially when small businesses are engaging in it. We’ve got the tools that help prevent and detect infringements early enough where there is still time to do something about it. Before the situation escalates, our legal experts will help draft cease and desist letters. These written warnings are the first step in getting culprits to stop their brand infringement activities.

Domain name disputes

We offer a similar service for domain name disputes. Naturally, most businesses have websites, and there are only so many URLs. It is not uncommon to find identical domain names but with altered suffixes (.net, .org, for instance). This can lead to domain name disputes, and once more, any suspected infringement will be identified and tackled early by our team.

Preliminary investigations and takedowns

At Ports Group, we aren’t afraid to stand up to those guilty of intellectual property infringement, square up to them and initiate takedowns with technical service providers if necessary. If the desired outcome has not been met after our cease-and-desist letters are sent, and preliminary investigations run, we could turn the issue into a trademark lawsuit.

Our consultancy services are experienced at handling intellectual property agreements, shutting down domains guilty of typosquatting and cybersquatting, and are well-versed in tackling those who aim to mimic your brand. Don’t hesitate to contact Ports Group to learn more about what we can offer your business through these services.

Learn more about trademark infringement

Is trademark infringement legal?

Absolutely not. It can be punished with hefty fines, domain takedowns and potentially, prison sentences in the most severe cases.

Can a trademark be taken away?

Officially, a legal decision made by a court of law would be required to see a trademark taken away by any entity other than its owner.

Should I trademark the logo for my business?

If you want to protect yourself from imitators and rivals, then we strongly suggest you do so. Registering your logo and trademark provides added security.

Do I have to keep paying for a trademark?

Not for the first ten years. Trademarks often have decade-long lifespans, after which they can be renewed in ten-year periods, indefinitely.

Did you not find the answer to your question? Contact us and we will help you.

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